Open-Source software allows many users to give their opinions and correct errors about its programming or development. This way you get a very robust program, which benefits all participants in it, whether they are programmers as common users. Ubuntu meets these characteristics since it is an open-source operating system oriented to servers and also to different electronic devices.

Thanks to this program, we can have different applications that we use on our mobile device today, among many other examples. In this post, we will show you what was the origin of Ubuntu and also each of the versions and modifications that it was having over time.

What differentiated the first version of Ubuntu from its competition of the time?

What differentiated the first version of Ubuntu from its competition of the time

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Ubuntu is an open-source operating system that has its structure based on the Debian call. It is aimed at PCs as well as servers. Not only is it an open-source system, but it is also free and uses different developers, who belong to the community, to improve every aspect of the operating system permanently.

One of the most outstanding features is that it has different branches or divisions according to its orientation, the system that is designed for servers is called Ubuntu Server or the operating system for companies, it is called Ubuntu Business Desktop Remix. Canonical is the company responsible for maintaining the Ubuntu format, and every 6 months a new version is launched that, during the following nine months, different bucks can be made to improve each of the errors found.

These remasters are the updates of the different software that integrate the operating system. Also, every two years, it publishes type versions “Long Term Support” (LTS), which receive supports from different designers to make patches for 5 years.

Origin

Ubuntu is owned by the Canonical company run and created by the South African businessman Mark Shuttleworth, which always clarified that Ubuntu’s competition is Windows, but the goal is to become like MacOS. The operating system began to be created as a project to be able to make the distribution and use of the Debian structure easier, in this way it began to correct different errors that existed architectures of Intel, AMD, and AMR.

Its first release was made in October 2004 where the firewall and proprietary driver software had the difference of not being open source like the rest of the program, this being the main difference between the operating systems of the time, which were closed.

Over time, the company discovered that with this release and subsequent releases, the installation package and all applications were very fragmented and complex, generating complications for all users of the moment. That’s why, just in the year 2009 the Ubuntu Software Center is created to be able to search, install, and uninstall the different applications that were available in those.

Also, with this Ubuntu Center Software, you can enter different patches that are made by third parties. In this way a big problem is solved for everyone, all the problems with their possible solutions are in one place. It also offers the possibility of creating assistance.

Evolution

EvolutionCanonical began working with open source for Linux for those ARM processors. This happened from the company’s statement made on June 3, 2010. In this way, it is possible to generate a much more stable version for processors of this kind of technology.

Already in the year 2011, applications were created in “Qt”, which includes a graphical user interface to allow the development of programs with this cross-platform framework. In this way, it is possible to integrate Ubuntu with all the tools that qt technology has. Mir graphic server started to be used in 2013, which included a much more pleasant interface for the user, so the integration and expansion to different devices, such as televisions and mobile phones, in addition to PCs began.

At the beginning of 2014 the “Ubuntu for phones”, which use the Unity interface developed with a language that is based on JavaScript QML. Through this interface, you can perform different actions through the screen using mobile touch commands.

Among the different characteristics of this change, we can mention the interface that proposes multiple tasks being able to use two applications at the same time, announcing in this way also Ubuntu integration for Tablets. In the year 2013, Ubuntu Edge is created with the intention of raising money to be able to develop a base and use Ubuntu in the best way for the phone, allowing in this way, use a desktop interface that can be connected to a mobile device and provide a dual boot to use the Android operating system.

The hardware features that are proposed to be used at that time are Dual Core or more, with 128 GB to store, a 4GB RAM, a screen that has an important resolution, and is made of Sapphire crystal. Also, the inclusion of a silicon anode battery with two LTE wireless communication antennas and 2-band WiFi. In this way, it was possible to create most of the operating system that we know today. Subsequently, interface changes and different remasters were made.

A complete chronology of all existing versions of Ubuntu and its features

As we said in previous paragraphs, Canonical launches every two years a version that has Long Term Support as support, which means that they are compared with different security updates for a much longer time than the usual 9 months granted by the company for other extensions.

Ubuntu Version 6.06

It is the first version with LTS which includes a bug fix for the desktop and an improvement on the server in terms of security and general errors.

Version 8.04

Thanks to this remastering, some failures in the maintenance of the operating system could be corrected.

Ubuntu v10.04

Fix different operating system software, as well as generates a dynamic process so that codes can be corrected almost automatically. It shows different sections that are oriented to an average user. 12.04, the fourth version of Ubuntu With this new LTS, which was launched in April 2012, improvements are included for adaptation to different multi-universe video boards.

Version 13.10

This is a great year for Canonical since in 2013 Ubuntu is launched for phones and also for the new ARM systems. In this way, each of the different devices is integrated with the operating system.

Ubuntu LTS 14.04

This version brings important changes in different application icons, as well as showing a much more modern on and off the design. It allows you to delete the launcher’s workspace selector but offers the possibility of including it with an icon that can be attached to the desktop.

Ubuntu Version 16.04

The Ubuntu Software Center is removed by GNOME, which is called “GNOME Software ”. The calendar is included by default and shows improvements in the possibility of drawing cursors and also improves the integration of the different files.

Yakkety Yak, Ubuntu version 16.10

In 2016, the release of this version is carried out, which brings as important improvements in the kernel, as well as changes to the Unity desktop. Other improvements announced for this version were the overclocking support for graphics AMD, for Nouveau Y for Raspberry Pi 3. It is also announced that the Unity desktop will be replaced in the next version.

V17.04 called Zesty Zapus

Different patches are created on Mesa and at the core of the operating system. It is used for the last time Unity and Mir, so you will start using GNOME and Wayland respectively. It was released on April 13, 2017.

Ubuntu version 17.10

The name of this version is Skillful Pig Hormiguero or in the original language Artful Aardvark. This new LTS brings changes to different operating system media and is also the first time that GNOME and Wayland have been reused.

Bionic Beaver Ubuntu 18.04

It was released in April 2018. While it is true that it maintains the Ambiance theme since it could not be changed because it did not have enough time to reach the release of this version. It includes other improvements such as emoji color, the default installation of the To-Do app. Xorg becomes the default graphic server and cgroup v2 is incorporated for AMD memory encryption.

Ubuntu version 18.10

We can find in this new version of Ubuntu, called Cosmic Cuttlefish, the kernel update in version 4.18 and also of Open SSL 1.1.1. As the most outstanding news, we can mention that it does not include the update for i386 because the company decided not to develop this product anymore for processors that have 32 bits.

Dingo disk version 19.04

With this version of Ubuntu that was launched in April of 2019, We can find improvements in Linux kernel 5.0, which adds more technology in terms of FreeSync screen synchronization, improves the Adiantum algorithm, and offers new components that will improve the USB 3.2 and USB Type-C ports.